The colony of the Pharaoh ant consists of thousands of workers, winged males, several reproductive females, and multiple queens. Although there are multiple swarmers (winged males) no swarms of reproduction occur with this species of ant. They reproduce inside the nest all year around. This type of ant also participates in an action called “budding”, which is similar to what other ants do when they create satellite nests. In the case of the Pharaoh ant, this is when they create an entirely new nest, with a few as five workers, ten pre-adults (larvae and pupae), and one queen, they migrate to another location and build a new nest. The lifespan of the Pharaoh ant is much different than those of other species; the workers will only live about nine to ten weeks, the males (after mating) live for three to five weeks, and the queen will live from four to twelve months.
The Paper Wasps are semi-social, meaning they created nests of colonies with different castes including, workers, queens, and males. The queen’s main function is to lay eggs to make the colony larger. In late summer the last set of fertilized females (queens) will find an overwinter site in a protected habitat such as a crack or crevice in a structure, under tree bark, or in attics or garages. In the spring the queen will emerge and she will select a nesting site. She will lay her eggs singly in cells and the eggs will hatch into white legless/wingless larvae.
During the time of maturity the workers are to tend to the young, build the nest, and protect the nest. Once the larvae have gone though several instars (moltings) they will paupate. After a few weeks the new adult worker wasps will come out of their cocoon and the process will begin again. At one time a nest can have 20 to 30 adult workers. In late summer the queen stops laying eggs, and in the fall the fertilized females (new queens) will find an overwintering site. The remainder of the colony will soon die off due to the onset of cold weather.